Frogs are a diverse and largely carnivorous group of short bodied, tailless amphibians composing the order Anura. There are approximately 4800 recorded species accounting for over 85% of the extant amphibian species. They are one of the five most diverse vertebrate orders. They live on water as well as on land. The skin of the frog is glandular with secretions ranging from distasteful to toxic. Frogs typically lay their eggs in the water.
A toad is any number of species of amphibians in the order Anura that are characterized by dry, leathery skin, short legs and snout like parotoid glands. A group of toads is called a knot. There are more than 300 species. Toads can live in drier climates. They are a bit slower and less active. Toads live only on ground. They are fatter and rounder than frogs. Toads do not have sticky long tongue.
|A tailless amphibian with a short squat body, moist smooth skin, and very long hind legs for leaping.||A tailless amphibian with a short stout body and short legs, typically having dry warty skin that can exude poison.|
|Synonyms||Flea, kangaroo, chamois, salientian, salamander, polliwog||Spaniel, reptile, anuran, flunky, flatterer, sneak|
|Word origin||The word frog was originated from Old English frogga, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch vors and German Frosch. Used as a general term of abuse in Middle English, the term was applied specifically to the Dutch in the 17th century; its application to the French (late 18th century) is partly alliterative, partly from the reputation of the French for eating frogs’ legs.||The word toad was originated from Old English tādde, tāda, abbreviation of tādige, of unknown origin.|
|Species||They are the members of the family Ranidae containing more than 400 species.||They refer to the members of the family Bufonidae containing more than 300 species.|
|Lays||Frogs tend to lay eggs in clusters.||Toads tend to lay eggs in long chain.|
|Found||It can be found on every continent except Antarctica.||It can be found worldwide except in Australasia, polar regions, Madagascar and Polynesia.|
|Prefer||They prefer moist environments.||They prefer dry environment but adapt to moist conditions as well.|
|Teeth||Frogs have vomerine teeth in their upper jaw.||Toads have no teeth.|
|Eat||They eat insects, spiders, snails, worms and even small fish.||They eat insects, grubs, slugs, worms and other invertebrates.|
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