Republic is the form of government where there is no king, queen or excludes monarch and the people are sovereign. The government is ruled by the elected leaders according to the law. Here the sovereignty is held by the people or the individuals.
Democracy means rule by the people. Democracy is the form of government where power is either held by an individual in absolute monarchy and where the power is held by a small number of the individuals in an oligarchy. Unlike republic, sovereignty is held by the whole population as a group.
|Definition (www.oxforddictionaries.com)||A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.||A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.|
|Synonyms||Self-government, commonwealth, democratic state and constitutional government||Freedom, justice, equality, suffrage and liberal government|
|Antonyms||Autocracy, monarchy, dictatorship, kingdom and autarchy||Unfairness|
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|History||While the philosophical terminology developed in classical Greece and Rome, as already noted by Aristotle there was already a long history of city states with a wide variety of constitutions, not only in Greece but also in the Middle East. After the classical period, during the Middle Ages, many free cities developed again, such as Venice.||Democracy can be traced back from the present day to classical Athens in the 6th century B.C.E.|
|Word origin||It was originated in the Late 16th century: from French république, from Latin respublica, from res ‘entity, concern’ + publicus ‘of the people, public’.||It was originated in the Late 16th century: from French démocratie, via late Latin from Greek dēmokratia, from dēmos ‘the people’ + -kratia ‘power, rule’.|
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