Vitamins are the chemical compounds which are obtained from the foods in order to function properly. The various types of vitamins can be found such as Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E and Vitamin K. The lack of vitamin in a body may cause different diseases. Vitamins can be destroyed due to heat.
Minerals are inorganic compounds which are obtained from soil and water. Minerals are not destructible. Minerals help in the formation of tooth and bone, blood coagulation, muscle contraction and to maintain pH level of blood. All the minerals are not needed for the body. The minerals are of two types: Macro minerals and Trace minerals.
|Any of a group of organic compounds which are essential for normal growth and nutrition and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body||Any of a group of organic compounds which are essential for normal growth and nutrition and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body|
|Synonyms||Biotin, carotene, expectorant, choline, adjuvant||Metal, apatites, micas, halites, garnets|
|Types||Its types are:
||Its types are:
|Word origin||The word vitamin was originated from Early 20th century: from Latin vita ‘life’ + amine, because vitamins were originally thought to contain an amino acid.||The word mineral was originated from Late Middle English: from medieval Latin minerale, neuter (used as a noun) of mineralis, from minera ‘ore’.|
|Comes from||Vitamins come from plants and animals.||Minerals are got from soil and water.|
|Effect of heat||Cooking or heating makes the vitamins to get destroyed or modified to other forms.||Minerals are usually not susceptible to such modifications since they are in the simplest elemental form.|
|Compounds||Organic compounds||Inorganic compounds|
|Needed||All vitamins are needed.||All minerals are not needed.|
|Advantages/Benefits||Its benefits are:
||Its benefits are:
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