Weather is the condition of atmosphere which changes day to day. The components which includes are: rain, sunshine, wind, cloudy etc. It is forecasted by meteorologist by considering the temperature and other various factors. It remains for a day or week. Weather is different from place to place. It is dynamic which changes from time to time. The study of weather is called meteorology.
Climate is the state of atmosphere which remains for a longer period of time. The study of climate is called climatology. Unlike weather, climate remains for a year or decade. The factors like mountain ranges, large water bodies and attitudes affect the climate. Climate is static which remains constant for a long period of time. It is based on the long term.
|The state of the atmosphere at a particular place and time as regards heat, cloudiness, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc.||The weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period.|
|Synonyms||Elements, clime and climate||Temperature, humidity, conditions, latitude and altitude|
|Antonyms||Reject, abdicate, depart, conquer, approve||Peer and cat|
|Types||The types of weather are:
||Its types are:
|Word origin||The word weather was originated before 12th century from Middle English weder.||The word climate was originated in 14th century from Middle English climat.|
|Components||Weather includes sunshine, rain, cloud cover, winds, hail, snow, sleet, freezing rain, flooding, blizzards, ice storms, thunderstorms, steady rains from a cold front or warm front, excessive heat, heat waves and more||Climate may include precipitation, temperature, humidity, sunshine, wind velocity, phenomena such as fog, frost, and hail storms over a long period of time.|
|Determining factors||Real-time measurements of atmospheric pressure, temperature, wind speed and direction, humidity, precipitation, cloud cover, and other variables||Aggregating weather statistics over periods of 30 years (“climate normals”).|
|About||Weather is the day-to-day state of the atmosphere, and its short-term (minutes to weeks) variation||Climate is defined as statistical weather information that describes the variation of weather at a given place for a specified interval.|
|Reflects||Weather reflects short term conditions.||Climate reflects long term conditions.|
|Study||Its study is known as meteorology.||Its study is known as climatology.|
|Forecast||It can be forecasted by collecting meteorological data like air temperature, pressure, humidity, solar radiation, wind speeds and direction, etc.||It can be forecasted by aggregates or weather statistics over periods of 30 years.|
|Example in Sentence||